cyber attacks


Keeping your precious data safe in this day and age is a daunting task. Unfortunately, major organizations still ignore the fact that cybercrime is a reality. Different kinds of cyber attacks in the prevailing business market reflect the magnitude of this crime and what it does to a certain company. Cyber attackers are always on the hunt for your sensitive data. These cyber attackers ask for ransom in return after breaching digital assets.


Before we learn about the kinds of cyber attacks, we must know the probable threats to the security systems of different organizations. Below are the 5 likely threats to cybersecurity:

1. Human Errors:

The first common threat to cybersecurity is the errors that we make in our daily routine. Such errors can be attending phishing emails or not identifying possible fraudulent sites and links. Our such behaviors can lead to further complications. However, such errors must be ignored, and such ignorance can occur once the users are guided in the right way.

2. Insider Threats:

Every organization’s secret-keepers are its employees regardless of their status in the company. Everyone has to be secretive, from a security guard to the managing director. When it comes to the matters of a company, everyone must follow the policies of private matters of the organization. However, inside attacks can also take place. In such cases, the employees can access an organization’s critical data and risk their data for ransom. According to research, 62% of employees have access to accounts that are not even a requirement in their job descriptions.

3. Weak Passwords:

Most companies opt for creating multiple accounts, and such creation of accounts requires the setting up of different passwords. In addition, cloud-based services can cause the account holders to lose their data. Different kinds of network attacks involve detecting weak passwords as well. Therefore, account creators must be aware while setting up passwords.

4. Ransomware:

Ransomware is an activity where the attackers access your data and lock it. This leads the organizations to face major issues. The attackers ask for a ransom to return them with their precious data. These attackers encrypt data, make it unreadable, and ask for a hefty amount. Business owners lose a heavy amount in successful ransomware attacks.

5. Malware Attacks:

This attack serves as a major threat to cybersecurity out of various cyber-attacks. Viruses and trojans that can eat up your systems are injected into your digital assets. Spam emails, website links, and downloads can bring in the concept of malware attacks.


Now that we have learned the types of threats to cybersecurity, there is also a need to learn about the kinds of cyber attacks that can take place in any organization. Following are the kinds of cyber attacks:

1. Phishing:

Phishing is the most dangerous activity globally when we talk about cybercrimes. Such attacks occur when a hacker acts as a worthy and known contact and hunts for your sensitive data through spam-filled links or emails. Clicking the malicious link or downloading the malicious file can damage an organization badly. Such spams prove to be very costly in the pockets of the victims. Two threatening types of phishing are:

  • Whale phishing
  • Spear phishing

2. Man In The Middle:

It’s an attack where the attacker interrupts the communication between the server and the client. Thus, this activity is named “man in the middle.” Such cyber attacks are quite harmful as they can hurt business owners a lot. Such an eavesdropping task obtains private information, bringing much cash for such attackers. This attack has the following types:


  • Session hijacking
  • IP spoofing
  • Replay  

3. Drive By Attack:

This method is a significant source of spreading malware into clients’ networks and data systems. Hackers worldwide look for unprotected sites and enter through significant vulnerability gaps to disturb the discipline of such sites. These hackers secretly enter your HTTP and edit it with a malicious script that can create further difficulties and harm the overall network and data systems.

4. SQL Injection Attack:

Successful SQL injections into the database can read the sensitive data. Hackers can also possess the ability to modify such data after such injections are successful. Such an injection can also command the operating systems, which is a sign of getting access to the core areas of your digital assets. Obtaining sensitive information means that ransom can be way higher than expected.

5. Password Attack:

Passwords are the primary source of providing authentication to anyone. Therefore, providing access to something critical requires passwords to be developed. However, setting up passwords may sound safe, but in actuality, it’s not that simple. Proper encryption and protection must therefore be provided to be safe from password attacks, which are one of the most common kinds of cyber attacks.

6. Cross-site Scripting:

Attackers eagerly search for vulnerable sites as such sites make it possible for them to breach sensitive data and carry out cybercrimes. Cross-site scripting is an attack where the hacker writes a malicious script and injects it into the code of a trusted site. This helps the attackers in accessing the data of site owners. Such unauthorized entry can bring considerable damages to any business, with the core damage being a ransom demand.

7. Disturbed Denial of Service Attack:

Illegal ways of increasing any site’s traffic are considered a crime. Still, in this case, the hackers generate multiple bots to jam the site with fake traffic. Such a malevolent attempt to disturb the victims’ website can be highly menacing. The flood of traffic leads to the website being non-responsive and out of control. It’s one of the most threatening kinds of cyber attacks.

8. AI-Powered Attacks:

Cyber attackers have also enhanced their skills with the age of advancement and modernization. Thus, it calls for one of the most critical kinds of cyber attacks, AI-powered attacks. If the attackers are at an advantage and their technology is much more advanced, then there is no chance for the victim to be secure from multiple cyber attacks. AI-driven tools and strategies help the attackers think differently and operate at the peak level of evil.

9. Eavesdropping Attack:

Eavesdropping is a real-time unauthorized entry into a conversation. Private meeting decisions in major organizations can be leaked by using such kinds of cyber attacks. This type of attack is also known as sniffing or snooping. A user’s entry into an unsecured network can be dangerous for them. For example, suppose any sensitive data file is sent to a friend, colleague, or boss through an unsecured network. In that case, it can be easily accessible to modern-day attackers.

10. Ransomware Attack:

Ransomware attacks are one of the most common kinds of cyber attacks. This attack involves an activity where the attacker invades the data systems of users through multiple loopholes in the security system. After successful breaches, they ask for a heavy amount in return. Thus, this causes loads of problems for the entrepreneurs.


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